"I don’t know if he was able to be in contact—if my grandfather was able to be in contact with his brother in Shanghai. They never really said. When I spoke with Kurt’s sons, I never really got a sense that they stayed in contact. Now, Kurt’s family survived. Kurt did not survive the whole process. He died in 1947 in Shanghai of typhoid, but his two sons, Gerhardt and Manfred, and Manfred’s wife, and a baby that had been born in Shanghai, all came to the United States, and they lived in the San Francisco Bay area after the war."