Well, they finished high school, or whatever was high school back then, which is like tenth grade and...my mother went to...she was actually au pair in London, so she learned to speak English, and...so she went to a business school, and she was a…

The Final Solution was getting closer. Some of their Jewish friends needed to be in Sweden, and they were also in this rowing club, so...when you’re young, and the dopamine hasn’t set in in the mid-brain, to fool the Gestapo at the pier would be…

Well...I don’t know totally many details, but being a boy scout in Copenhagen where, you know, all that information was brewing probably got them involved fairly early on because one of their leaders was, you know, you know, very influenced and…

"About two years [after we arrived in the United States], my father had an opportunity to buy a dress-making factory, and he had some money and my mother had some money, and they invested it with another partner in this dress company and he bought…

"My grandmother on my father’s side, she was living in Paris. She wasn’t able to come with us at all, and she was hidden—or not hidden—but she lived in a...“senior citizens”—we’d call it—home. And she eventually she came out and…

"They [my grandparents] went across the Pyrenees, and they ended up in, I believe, Madrid, one of those cities—[Spain] being a neutral country, so-called. And then eventually they got to Portugal, and they ended up getting a ship to New York at…

"They [my grandparents] went through Marseilles and there was a... very outstanding American council called Varian Fry, and I’m convinced that they were helped by that person because he helped a lot of people escape. And he was the council in…

"Well, they left—they stayed in France at the time, but then when...when the Nazis took over, the Germans took over...for a—for about two years, there were two zones of France: one was the Occupied Zone, which included Paris and most of the…

"Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time…

"To undo a mistake is always harder than not to create one originally but we seldom have the foresight. Therefore we have no choice but to try to correct our past mistakes and I hope that the recommendations of the staff of the War Relocation…